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Domestic tourism is tourism practiced by inhabitants within the country of reference. According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), domestic tourism should be differentiated from internal tourism and national tourism. National tourism comprises tourists of the same nationality, whether they travel in their own country or abroad (the sum of domestic and outbound tourism), whereas internal tourism comprises domestic tourism plus inbound tourism, that is, the activities of resident and nonresident visitors within the country of reference as part of domestic or international tourism trips.

Following this terminology, the UNWTO provides an estimate of five to six billion domestic tourists across the world in 2013.

A Problematic Count

The definition of domestic tourism appeared later than that of international tourism. As soon as 1937, the Council of the ...

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