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Cairo, which has been called the “gateway to the East,” is Egypt’s capital city and the second-largest city in Africa. Every year, millions of tourists visit this metropolis situated along the Nile River. Tourists visit Cairo to see the only surviving ancient wonder in the world, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and other sites representing the city’s rich heritage. Cairo is mostly known for its pyramids, historical places, museums, and unavoidable crowds.

History

Cairo was founded in 969, in the vicinity of ancient Memphis, as the Fatimid dynasty’s capital city. During the Middle Ages, Cairo became the capital of the newly founded Ayyubid dynasty in 1169, which lasted about 90 years. The city became widely known under the Mamluk rule, between 1260 and 1516, when numerous exceptional ...

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