Nestled between France and Spain in the Pyrenees Mountains, Andorra has long been a curiosity for tourists. An independent country since 1278, this microstate of 468 square kilometers (181 square miles) is home to approximately 85,000 residents, only slightly over one third of whom are Andorran citizens. The remaining residents are primarily Spanish, Portuguese, and French who live and work in the principality in tourism and other economic sectors. Tourism is the country’s largest economic sector, making up nearly 80% of the economy and, along with other tourism-related service industries, employing some 95% of the workforce.

The country is ruled by two co-princes, the president of France and the bishop of Urgell, Spain, although the government functions as a parliamentary democracy. The capital, Andorra la Vella, ...

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