Uganda’s environmental and wildlife conservation responsibilities are outlined in its 1995 Constitution, which mandates “state protection of important natural resources . . . on behalf of the people of Uganda” (Uganda Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities, 2014, 9). This goal is supported by enabling legislation, including the National Environment Act (2000) and the Uganda Wildlife Act (2000).

In 2011, the Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Heritage of Uganda was restructured and tasked with updating the national tourism policy crafted in 2003, a priority sector undergoing significant change as regional and global competition expands. Highlighted in the government’s National Development Plan, tourism is Uganda’s leading source of income with an estimated 17% annual growth rate, and the potential to contribute significantly to the country’s socioeconomic growth ...

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