The Republic of Suriname is located on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America and is bordered by Guyana to the west, French Guiana to the east, Brazil to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean coastline to the north. Early in the 17th century, the Dutch established a colony in Suriname. This tropical nation gained independence from the Netherlands in 1975. The small population of this nation lives mostly along the coast. The UN Development Programme (UNDP) ranked Suriname 105 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index in 2012. The country has seen political violence and a series of coups in recent decades, but democracy was restored in 1991 and there have been regular elections since then.

Racial and ethnic groups in Suriname include ...

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