The Republic of Uganda is located in east Africa, populated by several broad linguistic groups, including the Bantu, Nilotic, and Central Sudanic peoples. These groups include the Ganda, Soga, Gwere, Gisu, Nyole, Samia, Toro, Nyoro, Kiga, Nyankole, Amba, and Konjo; the Acholi, Lango, Alur, Padhola, Kumam, Teso, Karimojong, Kakwa, and Sebei; and the Lendu, Lugbara, and Madi. English and Swahili are the official national languages. With a per capita income of under $170, Uganda is one of the poorest countries in the world, with approximately 27 percent of all rural people still living below the national rural poverty line. Despite great progress in reducing poverty, especially in urban areas, the absolute number of poor people has increased because of population growth. The poorest people include ...

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