Sudan’s present economic development is often discussed as the contradiction between a high growth rate, and a high percentage of people living below the poverty line.

Recent quantitative data on poverty in Sudan include the 2006 Sudan Household Health Survey, 2007 Public Expenditure Review, 2008 Population Census, 2009 National Baseline Household Survey with subsequent annual surveys, and “MDG Progress Reports” of the Ministry of Welfare and Social Security since 2010. The Central Bureau of Statistics of Sudan numbered the real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate between 2004 and 2009 at around 7.5 percent, whereas the per capita GDP doubled from $771.80 to $1,577.90. At the same time, the 2009 Sudan National Budget Household Survey found the proportion of the population below the poverty line to ...

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