The structuralist school is a development theory that emerged in Latin America at the end of the 1940s, and achieved its peak of influence during the 1950s and 1960s. Its origin is generally associated with the publication of two books by the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA), El Desarrollo Económico de América Latina y Algunos de sus Principales Problemas (1949), and Estudio Económico de América Latina (1950). The author of these books was the director of the ECLA, Raúl Prebisch, a leading Argentine economist who is recognized as the father of the structuralist school. In these publications, Prebisch sets up the main ideas associated with structuralism, which during the 1940s and beginning of the 1950s were linked to Latin America, but soon gained consensus ...

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