Starvation denotes suffering caused by a lack of food, which can result in death. Starvation is a physical process, the self-absorption of the body when energy intake is lower than the energy need, but it can also mean causing bodies to suffer extreme hunger or death by depriving them of nourishment, for instance, using hunger as a weapon of war against enemies, subjecting the self to a hunger strike, or excessive fasting. As a mass phenomenon, starvation is commonly linked to hunger crises and famines in developing countries, and its prevention has been the focus of international policy and emergency assistance of various development institutions, such as the World Food Programme (WFP), the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations, the United Nations ...

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