Social Inequality

In addition to depicting a common geographical space, conjugated by the same governance and similar cultural expectations, a society represents a democratic association aiming to attain the common good, as described by Aristotle, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau—the shared prosperity goal of the new millennium. The welfare status quo to be achieved by individuals depends, to a significant extent, on the political, economic, and social conditions that exist in today’s societies, where primus inter pares is a necessary inequality.

Discrimination, particularly when related to gender and inequality, accentuates and fosters poverty. Against this background, one needs to find answers to the eternal question that is relevant to both rich and poor societies: Is abundance equally and fairly distributed? While 1.2 billion of the 7.1 billion inhabitants ...

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