Located in central Europe and covering a land area of 49,034 square kilometers (18,932 square miles), Slovakia is about twice the size of New Hampshire. Slovakia is bordered by Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and the Ukraine.

Historical Background

Most of Slovakia’s history was spent as part of the Hungarian Kingdom or the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. A rise in nationalism within the monarchy in the mid-19th century led to an alliance with the Czechs, and Czechoslovakia was formed at the end of World War I, which had brought about the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Czechoslovakia’s alliance with Germany during World War II led Slovakia into becoming part of the Soviet Union. An effort at liberalization in 1968 failed; and it was not until the Communists were ...

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