Poverty as a concept has been explored over time and studied in different places, resulting in an ever-evolving understanding of the issue. Many different definitions of the term have emerged, and some of the most common types of poverty studied include absolute poverty, overall poverty, primary poverty, and secondary poverty.

Absolute poverty and primary poverty relate more closely to measurements of income, income disparity, and access or availability of basic necessities needed for survival. Seebohm Rowntree first introduced primary poverty as a term in his attempt to develop an understanding of the living conditions of people living in York, in the United Kingdom, at the turn of the 20th century. He defined primary poverty as the condition in which families were unable to fulfill all their ...

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