Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death for children and adults worldwide. The disease is associated with poverty and inequality in access to health care resources. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.1 million children under 5 years of age die from pneumonia every year. The disease is the cause of 18 percent of the deaths of children under 2 years of age. Pneumonia is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia. The five countries with the greatest incidence of pneumonia in childhood are India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan, and China.

Pneumonia is a respiratory infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi that impacts the lungs and is preventable. The most common bacterial cause of pneumonia in children is Streptococcus ...

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