Pennsylvania is located in the northeastern region of the United States. It has a history of wealth inequality from the onset of the American Industrial Revolution through the present day. Roughly 13.1 percent of Pennsylvanians fall below the official U.S. poverty line, which is slightly below the national average of 14.9 percent. Pennsylvania is a state characterized by geographic diversity by the dominance of rural communities as well as two major metropolitan cities, Pittsburgh and Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania is the sixth most populous state in the United States, with 12,773,801 residents and is the 33rd-largest state in land mass. Philadelphia leads Pennsylvania’s population with 1.548 million residents; Pittsburgh is the second-largest city, with 306,211 residents. By contrast, Harrisburg, the capital city, has fewer than 50,000 residents. The ...

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