In the early 1900s, the emerging Zionist movement supported the migration of young European Jews to Palestine, then a neglected territory of the Ottoman Empire. During World War I, Britain took control of Palestine from the Ottomans and subsequently promised both the Jewish and Palestinian population the same land for a nation-state, with armed struggle for control of Palestine intensifying. In the late 1940s, the British turned over the territory to the United Nations, who proposed dividing the land into a Jewish state and a Palestinian state. The Jewish side accepted, whereas the Palestinian side was pressed by the neighboring Arab states to wage war against the newly formed state of Israel.

The 1948 Arab-Israeli War resulted in the invasion of Israel by Egypt, Iraq, and ...

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