Nutrition is the science and/or practice of consuming and using foods. A well-balanced diet consisting of a variety of foods provides essential nutrients including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and many other dietary components such as fibers and phytochemicals to support proper growth and maintain functional health. Poverty and food insecurity (inefficiency) hinder nutritional status at individual, family, and community levels, and high nutrition risks result in improper growth and an undesirable health status across all ages. Moreover, food choices and eating behaviors profoundly affect nutritional status.

The categories of nutrition assessment that can ascertain the health problems of individuals include anthropometric measures such as height, weight, circumference, and skinfold; biochemical measures such as blood and urine parameters; clinical assessments such as edema, mucosa, and skin ...

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