Niger is a country in western Africa, bordered by Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria. It has long been regarded as a gateway between north and sub-Saharan Africa. Part of Niger is covered by the Sahel, a semi-arid belt that crosses Africa between the Red Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It faces security concerns over its borders from various fronts, including conflicts or insecurity in Libya, Mali, and northeastern Nigeria.

There are several ethnic groups in Niger, including the Hausa, Tuareg, Fulani, Songhai-Zarma, Teda, Kanuri, and others. The largest group is the Hausa, which constitutes over half the population of Niger. The Tuareg and Fulani are nomadic people. Many of these groups have subgroups and extend throughout other regions of Africa. The rest ...

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