The National Research Council is a part of the National Academies, which consist of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. All of the national academies are nonprofit organizations. The U.S. Congress chartered them as private organizations to provide advice to lawmakers when science, technology, and health policies are being considered or are reviewed after adoption.

The National Research Council was organized in 1916 by the National Academy of Sciences in order to network the wide-ranging groups and individuals working in pure science or in technological fields. The National Academy of Sciences has the goal of advancing scientific knowledge as well as advising the U.S. government.

Over the decades of its operation, the National Research Council has become the ...

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