The Kingdom of Morocco is an African state located at the most westerly region of the Arab world, known as the Maghreb (the west). It borders Algeria and the western Sahara, and the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean on its coasts. Morocco became independent in 1956 and was established as a constitutional monarchy that is directly descended from the Prophet Muhammad. The end of the French and Spanish protectorates was made possible by the contributions of the nationalist party, Istiqlal, and King Mohammed V, who served as a symbol of historical continuity, national identity, and institutional legitimacy for the new state.

The king has always played an important role in the social, political, and economic affairs of the country. Major international policy issues, such as ...

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