The Republic of Moldova in eastern Europe is a parliamentary republic that gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. It has long had an independent identity and was the Principality of Moldavia when much of it was ceded by the Ottoman Empire to the Russian Empire by the Treaty of Bucharest in 1812. The Russians ran it as the Oblast of Moldavia and Bessarabia, with western Moldavia becoming a part of the Kingdom of Romania. In 1924, the Soviet Union took over and Moldavia became one of the Soviet socialist republics.

Historical Background

The origins of modern Moldova lie in the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) which was established in 1924. Around half of its population were Ukrainians, with Moldovans making up a third, ...

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