Located on the north Atlantic Ocean in western Africa, the Republic of Guinea is an underdeveloped low-income nation, with a per-capita income of only $1,000. Guinea ranks as the 11th-poorest nation in the world, with an official poverty rate of 47 percent. Data from the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative indicates that 43 percent of the population lives on less than $1.25 per day, and 70 percent live on less than $2 a day. The 2010 Limited Poverty Evaluation Survey stated that 65 percent of all rural Guineans were considered poor. Even in urban areas, high unemployment, an influx of rural immigrants, and price increases on essential goods made Guineans more vulnerable to poverty. As a result, almost one in three urbanites was also ...

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