Guam is an island in the western Pacific Ocean and an unincorporated territory of the United States. It is listed as one of 17 non-self-governing territories by the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations. It has been inhabited for around 4,000 years by an indigenous people, the Chamorros, making up some 37.1 percent of the population, which was calculated at 159,358 in 2010. A Spanish possession from 1565 to 1898, it has been under the control of the United States since then.

The U.S. Navy established a base in Guam in 1901, and from 1921, Guam served as an important air staging post for seaplanes heading between San Francisco and Hong Kong. During World War II, the Japanese occupied the island. The United States ...

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