Gender-Parity Index

The Gender-Parity Index (GPI) is an indicator established by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to measure the level of access and participation of females in formal education, relative to that of males. This indicator is measured in proportion to the appropriate school-age population. In other words, it looks at the ratio of girls to boys in formal schools. The GPI is categorized for each school level in the formal education system, such as primary, secondary, and tertiary. The index is used by governments, international organizations, and research institutions to measure the educational attainment of populations worldwide, particularly schooling progress for women in the developing world.

A GPI lower than 1 means that there are fewer females than males attending school in relation ...

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