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Two factors that largely affect impoverished families around the world are access and utilization of health care services, because these often entail outright payments to the provider, also known as out-of-pocket payments. At the global level, the majority of the poor consist of women, who are often seated as the caregiver for the family, yet their health is not given much attention. Previous studies have shown that households maintained by women are strongly associated with lower socioeconomic levels.

Based on this background, families led by women are therefore less likely to have full access and receive health care services because of the cost of these amenities. The consequences of this condition are also often more severe because children of female-headed households are generally more sickly, thus ...

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