The Gambia is located on the north Atlantic Ocean in western Africa. Covering an area of only 11,295 square miles, the Gambia is smaller than Delaware, the smallest state in the United States. The Gambia is bordered on three sides by Senegal. Drought is an ongoing problem in the Gambia, and annual rainfall has been steadily decreasing since the mid-1980s. Natural resources are limited, and less than 40 percent of the land is conducive to agriculture. Despite this, 75 percent of the labor force is engaged in the agricultural sectors, and more than half of all agricultural workers are female. The Gambia is highly dependent on income from tourists, who are attracted by its rich biodiversity, and on remittances from Gambians who live abroad.

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