Finland is a sparsely populated Nordic country bordering Sweden to the east, Russia to the west, and Norway to the north, with a Baltic Sea coastline to the south. Despite being a late industrializer, Finland features among the world’s wealthiest countries and operates a human-rights-based development program aiming for the eradication of extreme poverty and sustainable development goals. Domestically, income inequality is moderate but on the rise.

Having been part of Sweden for at least six centuries, Finland was integrated into the Russian Empire in 1809. The country gained independence from Russia in 1917 and adopted an official policy of neutrality following World War II. Finland joined the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in 1950, the United Nations in 1955, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation ...

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