Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest proportions of poor people, with over 315 million people living on less than $1 a day. In Eritrea, poverty is more pronounced than in many other parts of sub-Saharan Africa and remains a deepening socioeconomic problem. The incidence of poverty in Eritrea is among the highest in the least-developed countries. It is estimated that more than half of the population in Eritrea lives in abject poverty and depends heavily on food aid.

Eritrea, a former Italian colony, is located in the Horn of Africa. As estimated by the United Nations, it has a population of about 6 million people. Three decades of war from 1961 to 1991 and a border conflict with Ethiopia devastated the economy and disrupted social ...

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