Egypt forms the land bridge connecting Africa (in the northeast) with Asia via the Sinai Peninsula. Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, most of its territory is in the Nile Valley, and historically the ancient Egyptian civilizations were settled along the banks of the Nile River, whose seasonal flooding (and depositing of rich soil as the waters receded, perfectly suited for agriculture in an otherwise arid region dominated by the Sahara desert) was the most important event of the year. Egypt is the third-largest country in Africa and one of the oldest civilizations in the world, having been an important economic, political, and cultural force in the ancient world. More than 10,000 years ago it grew as one of the first nation-states in ...

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