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The Dependency School’s main contribution to the subject of poverty was its assertion that underdevelopment stemmed primarily from external rather than internal causes. Dependency, along with the Latin American brand of structuralism that preceded it, was an ideology articulated by Latin American intellectuals that had considerable impact in Latin America and abroad. Dependency analysis can be traced back to the 1950s. The school was in its prime from the mid-1960s through the mid-1970s, and despite the fact that it has been harshly critiqued since the 1970s, its influence can still be felt today.

The Dependency School was not homogenous, and scholars have divided it into radical and reformist subdivisions. Nevertheless, commonalities brought coherence to the school. Its members focused on economics and politics (more than on ...

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