Denmark is a Scandinavian country that includes the Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands. Denmark dominated northern Europe until Norway broke away in 1814 and Iceland became independent in 1944. In recent centuries Denmark has been a wealthy country.


It was poverty that caused many Vikings to leave Danish shores and attack other countries and/or settle in them. However, by the Middle Ages close ties between the royal family and the Roman Catholic Church saw a period of economic stability with wealth from fishing, especially herring. There were several wars between Denmark and other countries in the early modern period, with many Danish people becoming Protestant. During the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648) in the Netherlands, many skilled artisans and craftsmen moved to Denmark from ...

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