Brunei Darussalam

One of the most affluent countries in the world, Negara Brunei Darussalam has a nominal average per capita income of $39,355 (2012), or $50,440 at purchasing power parity because of the lower cost of living in the country. Sir Hassanal Bolkiah, the sultan of Brunei, is the richest man in the world, and there are regular newspaper and magazine reports of his wealth. The situation in Brunei was, however, very different at the establishment of the British Residency in 1906. The first resident, Malcolm S. H. McArthur, complained of the unsanitary conditions in Brunei and also that the vast majority of the Bruneian population in the capital, then called Brunei Town (renamed Bandar Seri Begawan in 1970), lived in the fishing villages known as Kampong ...

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