Zambia is one of the poorest countries in Africa. After becoming independent of the United Kingdom in 1964, Zambia was classified as a middle-income country, but several decades of economic decline and neglect of infrastructure and services have turned it into an extremely poor country. Three out of four Zambians live in poverty, and more than half of them are extremely poor and cannot meet their daily expenses for food and other requirements. For poor rural people, the task of attaining food security is a constant preoccupation.

Compared to its neighbors, Zambia is a sparsely populated country, in which 83 percent of the rural people are poor and about 71 percent of them are extremely poor. Most of its population is found in the center of ...

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