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Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean that is comprised of Northern Ireland (which is part of the United Kingdom) and Ireland (the Republic of Ireland, or Eire). Northern Ireland has a population of 1,857,423 (2016 estimate), and its capital is Belfast. Northern Ireland is located in the northeastern area of the island and shares a southern border with the Republic of Ireland. The Republic of Ireland occupies four-fifths of the island and has a population of 4,609,600 (2014 estimate); its capital is Dublin. This entry examines the military history of the people from throughout the island of Ireland.

Few places have as complex and idiosyncratic a military history as Ireland. While the various Irish provincial kings engaged in warfare with one another, and ...

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