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The war between Iran and Iraq began in 1980, after the Islamic Republic of Iran was newly established in 1979. This battle lasted for almost eight years and turned into the longest conventional war of the 20th century and one of the most lethal since World War II. It has had disastrous economic, social, political, and humanitarian consequences for Iran and has been an obstacle for the development of the country.

Iran (historically known also as Persia) is an oil- and gas-rich country in western Asia. It is located on the routes between Europe and Asia and has access to the Persian Gulf. In its long history, Iran has witnessed many wars with various enemies, such as the Roman, Byzantine, Mongol, Ottoman, and Russian empires. In ...

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