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Haiti (the Republic of Haiti) is a country in the Caribbean occupying the western one third of the island of Hispaniola. Its population is 10,461,000 (2015 estimate), and the capital is Port-au-Prince. This entry examines Haiti’s history, with a focus on the Haitian Revolution, Haiti’s relationship with the United States, and political violence in Haiti.

Warfare in Haiti has largely been of a colonial variety, often stemming from French or American imperialism but also driven by resistance to colonialism. After gaining independence from France in a revolutionary war, Haiti was regularly subjected to U.S. military intervention throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Political violence and foreign intervention have continued to mar Haiti into the 21st century.

The first incidence of colonial conflict occurred in 1492, shortly after ...

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