El Salvador

Though civilians bore the brunt of its effects, the civil war in El Salvador (1980–1992) was a conflict between the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional, or Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), and the Salvadoran government. Since the FMLN espoused communist ideology, during the Carter and Reagan administrations, the United States heavily supported the Salvadoran government through military and strategic aid, including training Salvadoran soldiers at the School of the Americas.


In 1980, the FMLN subsumed five separate factions into one organization: the Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo, or Revolutionary Army of the People (ERP); the Fuerzas Populares de Liberación Farabundo Martí, or Popular Forces of Liberation “Farabundo Martí” (FPL-FM); the Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación, or Armed Forces of Liberation (FAL); the Resistencia Nacional, or ...

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