Bullying has often been framed as being an aspect of war, as well as a dimension of the precursors and aftermaths of organized violence. Bullying of weaker or debilitated entities on the part of individuals can intensify the damage produced by conflicts and increase the complexities of maintaining a just peace. Bullying behavior on the part of individuals can also have larger implications for the maintenance of a peaceful and stable society as it reinforces dysfunctional and disturbing cultural themes. As described in this entry, bullying can be seen as having a correlate in how nation-states and various regional groups treat each other. In educational contexts, the introduction of bullying notions is critical: younger individuals who have witnessed many acts of domination and violence ...

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