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Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H, Bosnian: Bosna i Hercegovina; Cyrillic: Боснaи Херцеговина) is a country located in the Balkan Peninsula; its capital is Sarajevo (known as Vrhbosna; renamed “Bosna-Serai” after the Ottoman’s conquest in 1461; population 304,600 by 2008 census). The country is a federal parliamentary republic that consists of ten cantons. Its area is nearly 20,000 square miles and, along with a short coastline by the Adriatic Sea, borders Croatia on the north, west, and south, Serbia and Montenegro to the southeast. The estimated population of B&H was 3.8 million people including 48% ethnic Bosnians, 37.1% Serbs, 14.3% Croats, and others (2013 census); over 45% of the population is Muslim; official languages are Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. The country is a member of the Council ...

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