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Argentina has undergone periods of internal conflict and has also participated in or been affected by several international wars. Following a brief overview of the early, internal conflicts that led to Argentina’s independence and its political and geographical divisions, this entry discusses Argentina’s involvement in World Wars I and II, examines the Argentine “Dirty War” and its impact, and concludes with a review of Argentina’s conflicts since the late 1970s over territories.

War of Independence and Civil Wars

After three centuries of affiliation to the Spanish monarchy, during which time political power had been held by Spanish delegates rather than locals, Argentinean pro-independence nationalists were by the early 19th century agitating for change. The Argentine War of Independence began in 1810 between nationalists and forces loyal to ...

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