Algeria is a country of 38.8 million people in northern Africa, between the Mediterranean coast and the Saharan desert. Officially called the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, it borders Morocco and Tunisia on the Mediterranean and Libya, Niger, Mali, and Mauritania on the Sahara. Most of its population is of Arab-Berber origins, with 1% of its citizens of European origins. Similarly, most of the population is Muslim, adhering to Sunni Islam.

The Algerian economy is largely based on its hydrocarbon resources, which account for about 60% of its budget revenues and over 95% of its export earnings. The country has struggled to develop other types of industries, including light industries, mining, electrical industries, petrochemical industries, and food processing. Most of the economy is state driven, ...

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