Yemen is an independent Islamic Arab republic established on May 22, 1990, by the merger of the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) and People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. Located on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, it borders Saudi Arabia and Oman and faces the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden to the south. The country is separated from the Horn of Africa by the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, which connects the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea. Most exports from the Persian Gulf that transit the Suez Canal and the Suez–Mediterranean (SuMed) pipeline pass through Bab el-Mandeb. Thus, Yemen is a key strategic link with respect to oil and petroleum shipping in the area. Its capital and largest ...

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