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Uganda is a landlocked country in Central Africa of almost 200,000 square kilometers, with a population of 33 million inhabitants. The geographical position of Uganda puts it at the core of several strategic issues, which led British statesman Winston Churchill to consider it the “pearl of Africa.” Uganda is a major regional power and a potential key actor of (in)stability in the region. Its internal issues, namely its economic, political, and social weaknesses, are thus of great concern for international diplomats.

From Precolonial Times to Colonization

Uganda has been occupied since the 4th century BCE. During the precolonial time, the political organization was established upon clans and subclans. Clans were based, in a rather loose manner, upon kinship, exogamy, symbols, and solidarity rules. Uganda evolved into different ...

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