Tunisia has a long history of conflict dating back to the Carthaginian period (725–146 BCE), serving as the battleground for some well-known conflicts. Much of this history of war has been linked to European powers and occupation.

Carthage was the first city to develop into a military power in what is now modern Tunisia. It began as a trading colony established on the North African coast by the Phoenicians. Carthage then came into conflict with the emerging power of Rome, with which it subsequently fought three wars: the Punic Wars of 264–241, 218–201, and 149–146. Rome ultimately prevailed, and at the conclusion of the Third Punic War (149–146), Roman armies destroyed the city of Carthage to prevent its resettlement, an early example of total war. Smaller ...

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