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In his epic novel Les Cavaliers, Joseph Kessel called Afghanistan the “impregnable country of a rebellious people.” Indeed the country has experienced centuries of instability and wars coming from inside and outside without surrendering or giving up. This instability is mainly the consequence of its unique geographical situation at the crossroads of Central Asia.

Thus Afghanistan, after having experienced many invasions, which made its culture so rich and complex, has had to face struggles of power for its control. From its domination by the ancient Achaemenid Empire to the intervention following the attacks of September 11, 2001, by al Qaeda on the United States, Afghanistan has hardly ever known peace and stability, which eventually led to a specific culture of war that can only be grasped ...

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