Sudan, a large country in northeastern Africa with an estimated population of more than 36 million people, became an independent state in 1956. Violent conflicts have been constantly present in Sudan throughout its existence as an independent state and have fostered a society in which militarism and the militarization of social institutions have a substantial impact. Although earlier wars such as the so-called First and Second Civil Wars (1955–1972, 1983–2005) had their battlegrounds almost exclusively in the southern areas of the formerly united Sudan, direct combats recently moved closer to the capital Khartoum and other northern areas. This also transformed the indirect experience of wars through mobilization campaigns, militarization of public institutions, and the medial staging of enemies of the state into an immediately felt ...

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