Senegal, a West African nation that shares borders with Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, The Gambia, and the Atlantic Ocean, has historically experienced relatively high levels of peace. While the country has endured its share of tumult, unrest, and tension, it has been comparatively unblemished by major conflict when compared to other Sub-Saharan African nations.

Senegal’s history similarly mirrors that of other West African countries due to its precolonial and colonial experiences. Long before it became a nation, the Mali and Jolof Empires controlled the region. Both indigenous empires were expanding their spheres of influence over unaffiliated kingdoms when the Europeans arrived in the 15th century. The French and British eventually became the main competitors for Senegal’s resources and territories in the 18th and 19th centuries. After the ...

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