Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst

The Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, is one of the most formidable professional officer academies in the world. It was formed in 1947 from two existing officer-producing institutions founded in Britain during the 18th and 19th centuries. This entry first describes Sandhurst’s history and the prestige afforded Britain’s armed forces; then, the entry focuses on the education and training offered at Sandhurst.


The first Royal Military Academy (RMA) was opened under Royal Charter in 1741 at Woolwich, to the southeast of London, where the Royal Arsenal had long been established. The RMA, or “Shop,” as it was affectionately known, was specifically for the education and training in mathematics, geometry, and other professional skills for two emerging specialist arms, artillery and engineers, later to become the Royal ...

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