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The revolutions of 1830 lack ideology or geography cohesion. In a broad sense, the revolutions, which occurred around 1830, had a diverse set of origins and outcomes. The most prominent revolution was the uprising in France, which toppled the Bourbon Monarchy of Charles X and replaced him with the citizen king Louis-Philippe, a member of the Orleans family. Despite Eugène Delacroix’s painting Liberty Leading the People showing a bare-breasted Marianne leading the people into revolution, the French Revolution of 1830 was a moderate political revolution. Belgium, Poland, the United States, and many other countries would follow France. The events of 1830 are best described in terms of moderate liberal revolution with touches of nationalism and separatism. Established elites knew the desire for democracy among ...

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