The country of Oman lies at the southeastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula and is dominated by the Hajar Mountain range running throughout most of its territory. It straddles three separate seas: the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, and the Arabian Sea. There is a narrow strip of land along its coast, the Batinah. Oman, traditionally divided between the coastal monarchy and a religiously led interior, has been wrought together through copious conflicts, though two major rebellions in the 20th century have shaped it into a modern state. Those rebellions were the Jabal al-Akhdar Rebellion and the Dhufar War. Of these two, the most significant has been the Dhufar War, which has resulted in social reforms that aided education and health.

Early History

Oman was ...

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