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Nigeria is a leading country in West Africa, essentially due to its significant population growth and its outstanding economic wealth. Although banking and service sectors are developing, Nigeria’s economy finds its roots in natural resources such as oil, which constituted 38% of the country’s national gross domestic product in 2013. Strengthened by these demographic and economic factors, Nigeria has become a geopolitical giant in the subregion and far beyond.

Nigeria is a member of several regional organizations such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union (AU)—in which it is considered a powerful and experienced country. It has participated in several peacekeeping missions in Africa, such as in Liberia and Sierra Leone in the 1990s, and in the mission in Mali ...

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